传统机器人仍是合作机器人:选哪个?

Robots or Cobots: Which to Choose?
传统机器人仍是合作机器人:选哪个?

Today’s plant managers are faced with a dearth of automation technologies but it’s not always obvious what will work best. There is rarely, if ever, a one-size-fits-all approach. This article discusses what manufacturers should consider when choosing which type of robot to invest in.

当今的工厂经理面临自动化技巧匮乏的问题,但哪种措施最有效并没有老是显而易见。假如有的话,极少有一种放之四海而皆准的措施。本文主要讨论制造商在选择要投资的机器人类型时应斟酌的因素。

If it wasn’t already clear to manufacturers that the adoption of robots is on the rise, the numbers leave little doubt. The International Federation of Robotics predicts that by 2020, over 1.7 million new industrial robots will be installed in factories worldwide.

假如制造商尚没有分明机器人的采纳能否正在增加,这一数字其实毫无疑问。国际机器人联合会预测,到2020年,全球工厂将新装置超过170万台工业机器人。

Industrial robots have long been used to replace human workers in performing tasks that are dangerous, dirty or repetitive. These robots are often large and bulky, caged machines used to do the heavy lifting in applications such as packaging and palletizing.

长期以来,工业机器人没有时被用来取代人工来执行风险、龌龊或反复的任务。这些机器人通常是被隔离起来的大型粗笨机器,用于包装跟码垛等利用中的繁重工作。

Collaborative robots, otherwise known as cobots, have been designed to work safely alongside humans in a shared workspace. These robots, with their increased flexibility and dexterity, can complete more delicate tasks that conventional robots cannot, such as polishing fragile materials in the production process.

合作机器人(cobot)经过精心设计,可能与人类在同一工作区域保险地工作。这些机器人存在更高的灵活性跟乖巧性,可能完成通例机器人无法完成的更精密的任务,例如在出产历程中抛光易碎的资料。 

Cobots
Cobots were built to be smaller, lighter and safer than conventional industrial robots. Demand for this technology is on the rise, with the global cobot market expected to reach $9 billion by 2025.

合作机器人
与传统的工业机器人比拟,合作机器人的体积更小、更轻、更保险。关于这项技巧的需求正在增长,预计到2025年,全球合作机器人市场将达90亿美元。

Because of their flexibility, and relative ease of use compared to fully automatic robotic systems, cobots are generally considered to be an affordable and attractive choice for small and medium sized businesses. These manufacturers can benefit from the traditional value proposition of robots — namely that they can carry out repetitive or unsafe tasks, freeing up human workers to add value — but at a much lower cost of entry.

与全自动机器人系统比拟,由于其灵活性跟相关于易用性,对中小型企业来说,合作机器人通常被觉得是包袱得起且有吸引力的选择。这些制造商可能从机器人的传统价值主张中受益,即他们可能执行反复性或没有保险的任务,从而使工人解放出来实现增值,而且它们的入门成本要低得多。

Before investing in cobots, it’s important that manufacturers carry out a complete and thorough risk assessment. Risk assessments could call for the addition of extra safety features, low operating speeds or even multiple stops for a cobot. Furthermore, these extra considerations aren’t free and add a significant amount to the integration costs.

在投资合作机器人之前,制造商必须进行完整而彻底的危险评估,这一点至关重要。危险评估可以需要增加额外的保险功用,低运行速度,甚至需要关于合作机器人进行多次结束。此外,这些额外的功用并非免费的,会大大增加集利息钱。

In fact, according to TM Robotics’ Global Robotics Report 2018, 79 per cent of automation distributors don’t think that their customers fully understand the safety requirements of installing a cobot, and therefore are unlikely to budget for these additional safety features.

实际上,依据TM Robotics的《2018年全球机器人报告》,有79%的自动化分销商觉得他们的客户没有完全体会装置合作机器人的保险要求,因此没有太可以为这些额外的保险功用安排预算。

Safety First
The ISO 10218 guidelines exist to set the safety requirements for industrialized robots. However, for cobots, which will see an increased number of interactions between human and robot, these guidelines alone don’t suffice.

保险第一
目前现有的工业化机器人保险要求主要是ISO 10218指南。但对合作机器人来说,人与机器人之间的互动将越来越多,仅凭这些准则还没有足够。